What is dyslexia?
Dyslexia is defined as a learning disorder characterized by difficulty in reading due to problems identifying speech sounds and learning how they relate to letters and words. It may be the cause of problems with reading comprehension, slow vocabulary growth, trouble with spelling and poor reading fluency – symptoms and severity vary, depending on the person.
What it is not…
Dyslexia is not the result of poor instruction, nor is it an indication of a person’s intelligence. Dyslexic children simply do not learn the same way as non-dyslexic children; they require multi-sensory teaching methods that are not always offered in conventional classrooms. With the proper support, almost all people with dyslexia can become good readers and writers, reaching their full academic potential.
How many people have it?
There is no data on the number of people with dyslexia in Thailand; for reference, however, it affects over 10 percent of the school-aged population in the United States. If you suspect that your child may be suffering from dyslexia, you can get a formal assessment from an educational psychologist. The sooner a diagnosis is made, the quicker (and easier) it is for a child can get help.
Where can I seek more info or help?
Dyslexia Thailand runs an Orton Gillingham Programme at St. Andrews 71 (STA), part of the Nord Anglia International School group, as of August 2017. This unique programme (which was originally based at Berkeley International School in Bangna) is the only one of its kind within a mainstream school in Asia, supporting learning across the primary and secondary levels. It was started by Dominique Perry, an expat mother whose 8-year daughter was falling dramatically behind in international school, and subsequently diagnosed with dyslexia in 2013.
Dominique found there were inadequate resources in Thailand, and spent seven months in the US and UK, where her daughter received help from dedicated dyslexia programmes, including Orton Gillingham. Determined to bring her child home to Bangkok, Dominique began a local Orton Gillingham programme as a more permanent solution to her daughter’s education. Today, the thriving programme helps a number of dyslexic learners in Bangkok.
Dyslexia Thailand also holds camps in Kanchanaburi,, providing kids from all over Southeast Asia with fun outdoor activities. Dyslexic learners are welcome, and receive continuous learning support during the school holidays.
What is Orton Gillingham?
It is a learning approach that is language-based, multi-sensory, structured, cognitive and sequential. It is also flexible and tailored to each child’s pace and progress.
The essential curricular content and instructional practices that characterise the Orton Gillingham approach are derived from two sources: a body of knowledge and practice that has been validated over the past 70 years; and scientific evidence about how persons learn to read and write, why many have difficulty in doing so, how having dyslexia makes achieving literacy skills more difficult, and the instructional practices that are ideal for teaching such persons.
What is involved in the Orton Gillingham Programme?
Each student is provided with an intensive, structured environment that builds skills in reading, writing and spelling, as a daily supplement to their regular school curriculum. Two trained Orton Gillingham fellows mentor the programme, offering one-on-one support to each student. Another component of the programme is to foster each child’s confidence and self-esteem, reinforcing that dyslexia is a learning difference, not a learning difficulty.
Editor’s Note: This article was updated in March 2017.